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Section 4741.26 of the Ohio Revised Code requires the Ohio Veterinary Medical Licensing Board to make investigations of valid written complaints which violate the laws and rules governing the practice of veterinary medicine.

How to file a complaint:
By law, the Board must receive the complaint in writing. The complaint form can be found on the State's web site at:

The complainant may file the complaint anonymously. However, as a result of the anonymity, it may make it difficult to conduct a thorough investigation without the ability to contact you.

The complaint process:
To maintain confidentiality and to ensure that every complaint brought to the Board's attention is reviewed, each complaint is assigned a case number upon receipt. After the Board office receives your complaint, you will receive written confirmation from the Board that your complaint was received. However, all information related to the Board investigation remains confidential. Identifying information related to the practitioner and the veterinary facility are redacted prior to the Board members' review.

Please note that the Board only has the legal authority to investigate cases that indicate there has been a violation of the law or rules governing the practice of veterinary medicine. For instance, the Board does not have jurisdiction over fees, boarding/grooming facilities, breeders, "bedside manner", refusal to provide a prescription, business practices or attempts to collect a debt.

If it is determined that the Board has jurisdiction of a complaint, the Board will then make one of the following determinations of the complaint:

  1. Close the case due to no violation of law and rules;
  2. Direct the board staff to obtain the medical records, statement of the licensee implicated, and any other documentation; or
  3. Pursue further investigation which may entail interviews, inspections, etc

Do not contact an individual board member about your complaint. If you contact a board member about your complaint, the board member must excuse himself/herself from any discussion and/or vote on your complaint.

After the investigative report/medical record/radiograph or submitted document is reviewed by the board members, the board will determine whether there is a violation of the law and rules governing veterinary medicine and take appropriate action if necessary affording the licensee due process rights in accordance with the law (Section 119 ORC). If the Board makes a motion to charge the licensee for a violation and it is approved, a notice of such will be sent to the licensee. The licensee will have 30 days in which to request a hearing.

The hearing process:
If a hearing is requested, a hearing is scheduled before a Hearing Officer or the Board members. Please keep in mind that the complainant may be issued a subpoena and be required to testify. In the event that a request for a hearing is not received within the 30-day period, the Board may schedule a hearing to present evidence and witnesses, citing Goldman v. State Medical Board of Ohio (1996), 110 Ohio App.3d 124, 673 N.E.2d 677.

If the hearing is presented before a Hearing Officer, the Hearing Officer issues a Report and Recommendation to the Board. A copy of the Report and Recommendation is also sent to the licensee. The licensee is given 10 days from the receipt of the Report and Recommendation to submit any objections. The Board then reviews the Report and Recommendation and any objections filed by the licensee and either approves, disapproves or modifies the Report and Recommendation. The Board decides on the appropriate disciplinary action and issues an Adjudication Order. The Adjudication Order may be appealed in the Court of Common Pleas of the licensee's county of residence or business.

If the hearing is presented before the Board members only, a transcript is taken by a court reported and after hearing all evidence, the Board members go into Deliberative Session to discuss the matter. Once out of Deliberative Session, the Board issues their Adjudication Order which is subject to appeal in the Court of Common Pleas.

Disposition of cases and any disciplinary action taken are posted in the Board minutes. Discipline of a licensee will also appear in the License verification system.

Revised September 2018


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